Biggest Vessel to Call U.S. East Coast Comes to Virginia First;
14,400-TEU Theodore Roosevelt Sets New Mark
The biggest container ship to ever come to the U.S.
The Roosevelt’s vessel’s capacity is 14,400 twenty-foot equivalent units, or TEUs. The COSCO Development set the mark in May when it sailed into the Norfolk Harbor carrying 13,092 TEUs. Since then, slightly larger vessels have come and gone.
“This is a notable step-up in size. In Virginia, the big-ship era started in May and we continue to see larger and larger vessels,” said John. F. Reinhart, CEO and executive director of the Virginia Port Authority. “The $670 million we are investing to expand Virginia International Gateway (VIG) and Norfolk International Terminals (NIT) will enhance our big-ship readiness and our ability to safely and efficiently handle their increasing cargo loads. Last week, we ordered four new ship-to-shore cranes for VIG and they will be the largest ever delivered to the East Coast. It’s ships like this and those to follow that are driving our expansion.”
At first light Monday morning, a ship pilot from the Virginia Pilot Association safely guided the 1,200-foot-long vessel through the harbor to VIG, where nearly 3,000 containers will be loaded on and unloaded. A few hours after it was docked and cargo operations where underway, The Port of Virginia’s leadership team hosted leaders from CMA CGM North America at VIG to recognize the historic ship call.
“This vessel is taking full advantage of our 50-foot channels, but its arrival also highlights our deeper, wider safer effort,” Reinhart said. “Our goal is to widen our channels and add five feet of depth. This would allow for two-way ship traffic and create the necessary depth – 55 feet – for these ships to load heavy and safely operate with the necessary river-floor clearance.”
Shippers, cargo owners, shipping lines and ports want to maximize the economics of the big ships and load them to capacity.
“The port that successfully moves ships at deep drafts will acts as a magnet for international commerce, Reinhart said. “Every additional foot of draft on a containership represents millions of dollars’ worth of cargo.”
As the ships get bigger, there are corresponding cargo loads. The ability to quickly move cargo by truck, barge and rail is critical to success and creates even greater opportunities for Virginia exports to reach world markets.
“Our new, $42 million North Gate at NIT is fully operational and by January 2018 it will link directly to I-564 via the I-564 Intermodal Connector, so we are improving service for motor carriers,” Reinhart said. “Of equal importance is our growing double-stack capability into new markets. Recently, we began offering daily double-stack service into the Lehigh Valley and in early September we’ll announce service into Pittsburgh. We also have the ability to add sailings to the Richmond Express barge service.”
France-based CMA CGM is part of the OCEAN Alliance, which is an alliance of ocean carriers composed of COSCO, Evergreen Line and OOCL. In an alliance, the members agree to contribute ships and share space on those vessels. The vessel is in the alliance’s South Atlantic Express (SAX) service and it came to The Port of Virginia via the Panama Canal. In this weekly Asia-to-U.S. East Coast service, there are 11 vessels ranging in size from 11,000 to 14,000 TEUs. Virginia is the first U.S. port of call on the SAX service.
Big-ship history at The Port of Virginia:
- August 2017: CMA CGM Theodore Roosevelt, 14,400 TEUs
- June 2017: OOCL France, 13,208 TEUs
- May 2017: COSCO Development, 13,092 TEUs
- August 2016: APL Yangshan, 10,700 TEUs
- July 2016: MOL Benefactor, 10,000 TEUs
- March 2012: MSC Roma, 9,200 TEUs
The Virginia Port Authority (VPA) is a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Virginia. The VPA owns and through its private operating subsidiary, Virginia International Terminals, LLC (VIT), operates four general cargo facilities Norfolk International Terminals, Portsmouth Marine Terminal, Newport News Marine Terminal and the Virginia Inland Port in Warren County. The VPA leases Virginia International Gateway and Richmond Marine Terminal. In fiscal year 2013, The Port of Virginia provided more than 374,000 jobs and generated $60.3 billion in total economic impact throughout the Commonwealth.